Candidiasis (Thrush)

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Introduction Vaginal thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is the most second cause of pathological vaginal discharge (behind bacterial vaginosis), it is not usually sexually transmitted, and is instead the result of fungal…

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Causes of Splenomegaly
Image showing an enlarged spleen

Causes of Splenomegaly

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Splenomegaly is a term that refers to an abnormally enlarged spleen. There are many causes of splenomegaly, the most common of which can be summarised with the mnemonic CHICAGO¬†(below). Splenomegaly…

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Cellulitis
Left Leg Cellulitis. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Courtesy Colm Anderson

Cellulitis

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Introduction Cellulitis is caused by bacterial infection of the dermis layer of the skin and the deeper subcutaneous tissues. Often the infection is due to a break or puncture to…

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Chagas Disease
Trypanosoma cruzi crithidia

Chagas Disease

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Organism One of two diseases cause by¬†Trypanosome parasites Transmission Via the triotimine bugs (bite at night) ‚Äď blood sucking reduvids ‚Äďtransmit when faeces come into contact with blood/mucosal surfaces. Epidemiology…

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Chlamydia
Chlamydae Life Cycle

Chlamydia

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Introduction Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) is¬†the most common bacterial STI.¬†It is most common in those <30, and is often asymptomatic. It is simple to test for and to treat. Previous infection…

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Cholera
Cholera bacterium. Model of cholera bacteria - Smithsonian Museum of Natural History - 2012 - by Tim Evanson. Licensed with CC BY-SA 2.0.

Cholera

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Organism vibrio cholerae (gram negative) incubation- avg 3 days Transmission Faecal - oral Small infecting dose may lead to carrier state Large infecting dose will lead to overt disease Epidemiology…

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Clostridium Difficile Infection
Clostridium Difficile. Image by fjbengoat is licensed with CC BY-NC 2.0.

Clostridium Difficile Infection

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Introduction Clostridium Difficile is carried in the normal gut fauna of the large intestine in about 5% of the population. It can be spread by the faecal-oral route, and by…

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