Cerebral Aneurysm

This is localised dilation of an artery within the brain. They rarely occur in veins. They are a major risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage.   Epidemiology & Aetiology Occur in 5% of the population...

More

Cerebral Palsy

Introduction This is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child does not develop along normal trends-...

More

CHADS2 Score

CHADS2 score for assessing the risk of stroke in AF Congestive heart failure (1 point) Hypertension (1 point) Age >75 years (1 point) Diabetes Mellitus (1 point) Prior Stroke or TIA (2 points) Anticoagulation...

More

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

An inherited peripheral neuropathy. Various forms of inheritances, the most common is autosomal dominant. Can also be passed on in autosomal recessive and X-linked patterns. In rare instances it may be sporadic. Sometimes called...

More

Cluster Headache

Cluster Headache –  aka – migranous neuralgia Account for <1% of all headaches This is a unilateral pain that typically wakes the patient during the night, so called, because attacks occur in ‘clusters’ –...

More

Comparison of Intracranial Haemorrhage

Comparison of Intracranial Haemorrhage Feature Subarachnoid Subdural Extradural Location The inner most layer around the brain tissue Between the dura mater and arachnoid mater The outermost layer, between the skull and dura mater Mechanism...

More

CVA – Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)

Introduction Stroke is a sudden onset of brain dysfunction, caused by an alteration in cerebrovascular blood supply. It is characterised by: Rapid, acute onset – within a few minutes Focal neurological defect – almost...

More