Caesarian Section

A caesarian section is major surgery, with real risks, and the decision to perform such an operation should not be taken lightly! Epidemiology Incidence in increasing, mainly due to the increased diagnoses of fetal...

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Cervical Cancer and CIN

Introduction When we talk about cervical cancer, we are typically referring to squamous cell carcinoma. This accounts for about 85-95% of cervical cancer. The remainder is caused by adenocarcinoma. Both types are strongly associated with...

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Complications of Pregnancy

Complications of pregnancy can be divided into: Complications of presentation Caesarian indications Bleeding in early pregnancy Complications of delivery Shoulder dystocia Instrumental delivery Induction of labour Episiotomy and tears Disorders associated with pregnancy Gestational...

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Condoms

Condoms This is a form of barrier contraception, and stops the sperm from reaching the egg. These are easily accessible, cheap to buy, and can also be procured free of charge from health care...

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Contraception

Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of patient error – e.g....

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Contraception – Hormonal Injections

Introduction There are two brands: Depo-Provera – administered every 12 weeks Injection of choice Aka Medroxyprogesterone acetate Noristerat – administered every 8 weeks Depo-provera is more effective than Noristerat Usually only offered as short-term treatement...

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