Caesarian Section

C-section is major surgery, with real risks, and the decision to perform such an operation should not be taken lightly!   Epidemiology Incidence in increasing, mainly due to the increased diagnoses of fetal distress,...

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Cervical Cancer and CIN

Introduction When we talk about cervical cancer, we are typically referring to squamous cell carcinoma. This accounts for about 85-95% of cervical cancer. The remainder is caused by adenocarcinoma. Both types are strongly associated with...

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Coils (IUD and IUS)

Intrauterine System – IUS aka Mirena Coil This is a progesterone only contraceptive, and releases levonorgestrel directly into the uterine cavity. It is licensed for use as: Contraceptive Treatment for menorrhagia Symptoms usually subside...

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Condoms

Condoms This is a form of barrier contraception, and stops the sperm from reaching the egg. These are easily accessible, cheap to buy, and can also be procured free of charge from health care...

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Contraception

Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of patient error – e.g....

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CTG – Cardiotocography

Introduction CTG’s are used widely in obstetrics as a method by which to monitor both the fetal heart and uterine contractions. They are used in conjunction with partograms to monitor labour, but are done...

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