Calcium, Vitamin D and bone density

Calcium 99% in bone, 1% in blood Obtained through diet (mainly dairy products), absorption controlled by vitamin D.   Calcium Regulation Controlled by Parathyroid hormone, secreted from the parathyroid gland. An increase in PTH,...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist, as it passes through the ‘carpal...

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Charcot’s Joint

Introduction Charcot’s Joint (aka Charcot’s osteoarthropathy or Charcot’s neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy. It results in swelling,...

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Compartment Syndrome

Introduction Compartment syndrome is a condition that results from swelling of a muscle. The muscle is retained in its fixed volume fascia (its “compartment”), however, and thus the swelling of the muscle causes an...

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – CRPS

Introduction Complex regional pain syndrome (previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or Sudeck atrophy) is a poorly understood condition which typically affects the extremities (arms and legs), causing severe pain, disability and sometimes swelling. It most...

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