Sciatica and intervertebral disc prolapse

Introduction The term sciatica describes a characteristic pain felt in the lower back, buttocks and the posterior and lower leg. It results from compression of any of the 5 nerve roots that contribute to the...

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Septic Arthritis

Introduction Septic arthritis is an infection within a joint space. it can affect both native and prosthetic joints. It is typically acute, although in some cases in chronic. In acute cases it can lead...

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Shoulder Examination

Inspection Look for scars (particularly keyhole), deformity and wasting. Compare both shoulders, and have a good look around from all angles. Make sure the patient is adequately exposed to view the shoulder from both...

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Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE / SUFE)

Introduction Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE), also sometimes called¬†Slipped Upper Femoral Epiphysis (SUFE)¬†is a disease of childhood, typically seen in late childhood and early adolescence. In the condition, the head of the femur ‘slips’...

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Spondyolisthesis

Introduction Spondylolisthesis refers to an anterior or posterior movement of a vertebrae in relation to its adjacent vertebrae. Spondylolisthesis affects about between 5-12% of the population but most cases are asymptomatic. It is thought...

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