Calcium

See also: Calcium, Vitamin D and Bone Density Parathyroid Glands Roles of Calcium Contraction of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle Blood clotting Control of nerve impulses Increases in the level of calcium cause depression...

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Chronic Kidney Disease (Chronic Renal Failure)

Introduction Chronic Kidney Disease – CKD (previously –¬†chronic renal failure)¬†involves a long-standing and often deteriorating reduction in renal function.¬†It is irreversible and generally appears over a period of years. initially, CKD begins as only...

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Control of Renal Function

Summary     Causes retention of… Info Substance Mechanism H2O Na+ K+   Angiotensin-II Activation of angiotensin II is the end result of activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Causes massive vasoconstriction. Also causes the release...

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