Aortic Stenosis – AS

Introduction Aortic Stenosis is the narrowing of the three cusps that form the aortic valve. It is distinct from aortic sclerosis which is generally a milder precursor to aortic stenosis. Aortic Stenosis is typically progressive, with...

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PDA – Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Introduction Patent Ductus Arteriosus – PDA – L-to-R shunt – ACYANOTIC Patent ductus arterioles describes the persistence of the connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery. In the foetus, this duct allows blood to bypass...

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