• 10 May, 2020
  • Reading time:7 mins read
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About sources

The almostadoctor website and app contain a collection of notes written by medical students and doctors. Each article is an amalgamation of knowledge from journal articles, textbooks, lectures, ward rounds, tutorials, other online resources.

Most of our articles contain the individual references used. Some of the older articles have not yet been updated to include a reference list. This is a consequence of the way many of our original articles were written – as personal revision notes which were subsequently then shared on almostadoctor. We are working to add more references as a priority as articles are improved and updated.

Online Resources

Below is a list of useful websites, many of which are referenced in the almostadoctor medical encyclopaedia.

  • NICE guidelines
    • These are UK NHS recommendations for the management of many conditions.
    • Written by doctors, with articles written both for the lay person and for doctors.
    • Free
  • Merck Manual
    • Fantastic for a quick overview of a clinical topics. American – so some aspects (particularly management) may be different to standard UK and Australian practice
    • Available free online, and also available to purchase in hard copy
  • BNF
    • British National Formulary. First stop for drug information and dosing.
    • Free access maybe available through your University or Hospital.
  • AMH
    • Australian Medicines Handbook. The Australian equivalent of the BNF.
    • Free access maybe available through your University or Hospital.
  • eTG
    • Therapeutic Guidelines (Australia). I use this more than the AMH, although often I use both together. It’s sort of a cross between the BNF / AMH and a clinical textbook – it gives the recommended treatment and doses for almost every condition imaginable – but also the rationale as to why, and any special circumstances that might require different treatment.
    • Free access maybe available through your University or Hospital, and as of May 2020, free access is available to all (registration required) during the coronavirus pandemic.
  • UpToDate
    • A massive, highly detailed encyclopaedia. Written by specialists in their field. Can be a little bit unwieldy, and those earlier on in their studies may find it impenetrable. Useful if you need to research a topic for a presentation, or an unusual case which you are involved with
    • Expensive, but free access may be available through your University or Hospital
    • American – so some standard practice may differ from your country
  • AJGP
    • Australian Journal of General Practice – by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Lots of useful articles on managing conditions in primary care
    • Life in the Fast Lane. An Emergency Medicine resource – a bit like an almostadoctor for Emergency Medicine Trainees. Fantastic ECG library. More of a blog format so there can often be multiple posts about the same topic. Can be a little light on references, but gets to the point. Based in Australia, but highly relevant to UK practice too
    • Free
  • Orthobullets
    • Website for orthopaedic registrars (like the almostadoctor for orthopaedic trainees), but useful for anyone wanting to know more about the management of orthopaedic conditions. The more advanced management options are best left to interpretation by orthopaedic trainees and specialists.
  • Radiopedia
    • Lots (and lots) and high quality images and advice on interpreting them


Below is a list of many of the written sources that have been used to compile our articles.

  • Murtagh‚Äôs General Practice. 6th Ed. (2015) John Murtagh, Jill Rosenblatt
  • Kumar, P., Clark, M., (2005). Clinical Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Saunders
  • Boon, NA., Colledge, NR., Walker, BR. (2006). Davidson‚Äôs Principles and Practice of Medicine. 20th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  • Beers, MH., Porter RS., Jones, TV., Kaplan JL., Berkwits, M. (2006)¬†The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy
  • Warrell, DA., Eatherall, DJ., Cox, TM. (2003). Oxford Textbook of Medicine. 4th ed. Oxford University Press
  • Longmore, M., Wilkinson I., Turmezei, T., Cheung, CK. (2007). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine. ¬†7th ed. Oxford University Press
  • Drake, R., Vogl, AW., Mitchell, AWM. (2004). Gray‚Äôs anatomy for students. Churchill Livingstone
  • Guyton, AC., Hall, JE. (2005). Textbook of Medical Physiology. Saunders
  • Martini, FH. (2006). Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology. 7th ed. Pearson
  • Waller, DG., Renwick AG., Hillier K. (2005). Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2nd ed. Elsevier Saunders
  • Rang, HP., Dale, MM., Ritter, JM., Flower, R. (2007). Rang & Dale‚Äôs pharmacology. 6th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  • Cox, NLT., Roper TA. (2005). Oxford Core Texts: Clinical Skills. Oxford University Press.
  • Underwood, CE. (2004). General and Systematic Pathology. 4th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  • Grace, PA., Borley, NR. (2006). Surgery at a glance. 3rd ed. Wiley Blackwell
  • Tjandra, J., Clunie, GJA., Kaye, A. (2005). Textbook of surgery. 3rd ed. Blackwell
  • Hamptom, JR. (2008). The ECG made easy. 7th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  • Feather, A., Knowles CH., Domizio, P. (2008). EMQ‚Äôs for medical students: v. 1. 2nd ed. PasTest
  • Feather, A., Knowles CH., Round, J., Domizio, P. (2008). EMQ‚Äôs for medical students: v. 2. 2nd ed. PasTest


Also, many thanks to the staff and patients at the University of Manchester and associated Teaching Hospitals, GP practices, and other Community Placements, and to all our patients. Additional thanks to the people, patients and staff of the Royal Bolton Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, and the people, patients and staff of Canberra, the Canberra Hospital, Calvary Hospital, and the surrounding areas.


The notes on this site are all written by current medical students and doctors. Notes are reviewed by our editor (Dr Tom Leach) before being uploaded.
However, the information contained in the site has not been specifically and authoritatively peer-reviewed, and as such has not passed scientific scrutiny as to its accuracy (although many of the sources we use have been peer reviewed and are generally accepted in medical science).
The information contained in this site is accurate to the best of our knowledge, however, you should always check information with a relevant professional. This site is intended as an additional learning resource for medical students, junior doctors and other medical professionals and should be used in conjunction with other resources recommended by your higher education facility, for example; peer-reviewed articles, textbooks, and advice from clinicians. accepts no responsibility or legal liability for the use or misuse of the information contained in this site. is not intended as a replacement for your clinician, or a diagnostic tools for patients, and should not be used as such.