Charcot’s Joint
Charcot Arthopathy Presentation in left foot

Charcot’s Joint

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Charcot's Joint (aka Charcot's osteoarthropathy¬†or¬†Charcot's neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy.…

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Diabetic Foot Check

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Introduction An important part of routine¬†diabetes¬†care is to check the feet for signs of diabetic foot disease - mainly peripheral neuropathy (and associated skin integrity), but also the increased risk…

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Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

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Introduction Diabetic retinopathy is a preventable complication of diabetes mellitus (both types 1 and 2). The risk is directly correlated to the patients glycemic control - worse control results in…

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Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy
Glucometer

Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

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Gestational Diabetes Introduction Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones. ¬†However, in some women, this is severe enough to result…

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Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)

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Introduction Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state (HHS) was formerly known as HyperOsmolar Non-Ketotic coma (HONK). HHS is a condition that occurs in patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus and have…

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Introduction to Diabetes

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Diabetes mellitus (to be differentiated from diabetes insipidus, although mellitus is much more prevalent and thus referred to as commonly "diabetes")¬†is a chronic state of hyperglycaemia caused by a lack…

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Monitoring and Complications of Diabetes

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We treat diabetes to reduce the risk of the complications of diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death of people with diabetes. So it is important to monitor…

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Physiology of Metabolism

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IntroductionOnly 1% of pancreatic tissue is endocrine. This tissue is found in the Islets of langerhans. Surrounding the islets are adipose tissue deposits. The older you get, the more adipose…

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Type 1 Diabetes and Management of DKA

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Introduction Type I diabetes is a disorder that results from the destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, which produce insulin It accounts for about 10% of cases of…

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