Normal Values and reference ranges - FBC WCC – 4 - 11 x109/L Neutrophils 2 - 7.5 x109/L (40 - 75% WCC) Eosinophils 0.04 – 0.44 x109/L (1 – 6% WCC) Lymphocytes 1.3 – 3.5 x109/L (20 – 45% WCC) Monocytes 0.2 – 0.8 x109/L (2 – 10% WCC) Basophils 0.0 – 0.1 x109/L (0 – 1% WCC) Platelets – 150 - 400 x109/L HB - Men: >13.0 g/dl Women: >12.0 g/dl Reticulocytes 25 – 100 x109/L MCV 80 – 96 fl MCH 25-35 Ferritin 12-300 Clotting PT 11.5 – 15.5 secs APTT 30-40 secs TT 25-35 Biochemistry Urea 2.5 – 6.7 mmol/L Cr Men 68 – 150 µmol/L Women 68 – 98 µmol/L Na+ 135-145 mmol/L K+ 3.5 – 5 mmol/L Ca2+ 2.05 – 2.6 mmol/L Mg2+ 0.75-1.05 mmol/L CK 24-195 U/L LDH 10-250 U/L Amylase 60-180 U/L Lactate 0.6-1.8 mmol/L Urate 0.23-0.46 mmol/L Inflammatory Markers ESR Men <15 or Age(years) / 2 (mg/L) Women <22 or Age(years) +10 / 2 (mg/L) CRP <5 mg/L LFT’s ALP 25 – 110 IU/L ALT Men 10 – 50 IU/L Women 5 – 38 IU/L AST Men 8 – 40 IU/L Women 6 – 34 IU/L Bilirubin 3 – 17 µmol/L Albumin 33 – 49 g/L GGT <65 U/L Blood Gasses pH 7.35-7.45 pO2 11.3-12.6 kPa pCO2 4.7-6 kPa HCO3 24-30 mmol/L Base excess ±2 mmol/L Endocrinology TSH 0.4-5.0 mu/L Free T4 10-22 pmol/L Cortisol 0900h 200-700 nmol/L 2200h 50-250 nmol/L GH >10 ng/ml Fats Cholesterol >5.2 mmol/L Triglycerides 0.45-1.69 mmol/L LDL <3.36 mmol/L HDL >1.55 mmol/L Total / HDL >5 Diabetes Random Gluc <11 mmol/L Fasting Gluc <6 mmol/L HbA1c 3.8-6.4% CSF Protein <0.45g/L Glucose 2.5-4.4 mmol/L (~2/3 of plasma level) Cells <5 WCC/ml Pressure 50-180 mmHg Urology PSA <6 nmol/L Age dependent – older Men may have high level but no disease Urine Levels Creatinine 500-200mg/day Usually higher in Men due to greater muscle mass Urea RBC’s nil – 3 /HPF WBC’s nil – 2 /HPF Glucose nil Nitrites nil pH 5-7 Protein nil (trace) Ketones nil

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