Cluster Headache

Cluster Headache –  aka – migranous neuralgia Account for <1% of all headaches This is a unilateral pain that typically wakes the patient during the night, so called, because attacks occur in ‘clusters’ –...

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Facial Pain

Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the nose Pain is worse...

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Giant Cell Arteritis

Introduction Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) aka Temporal Arteritis Arteritis is the inflammation of the walls of the arteries. In GCA, inflamed superficial temporal or occipital arteries cause pain. Touching the skin over these vessels...

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Malignant Hypertension

Introduction Malignant hypertension (aka – hypertensive crisis) is a very high blood pressure that typically comes on suddenly and quickly. It is defined as systolic blood pressure of >180 mmHg and / or diastolic blood pressure...

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Medication Overuse Headache

Introduction Medication overuse headache (AKA rebound headache) usually occurs in patients with a past medical history of severe headache, for which they have frequently/ excessively used analgesics. Clinical Features Chronic headache occurring >15 days...

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Migraine

Introduction Migraine is a common cause of headache affecting about 15% of individuals. Headaches are typically recurrent, and last anywhere up o 72 hours. They are typically associated with nausea and photophobia, and rarely...

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Summary of Headaches

  Headache Characteristics Duration Fequency Mechanism Treatment Tension   Tight band feeling, stress, low mood  -Diffuse, ache,dull – Worse on touching scalp, agg by noise -Associated with tension – Depression may co- exist –...

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Tension Headache

Introduction Account for about 40% of all headaches Symptoms usually bilateral Tight band sensation Pressure behind the eyes May have a throbbing sensation Not sensitive to head movement No feeling of need to vomit...

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