Allergy

Definitions Allergy – Inappropriate immune response to normally harmless allergen. Allergen – Foreign particles which produce an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction in sensitive individuals. Atopy – genetic predisposition to exaggerated immune responses Pathology Individuals are...

More

Anaphylaxis

Introduction Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. Allergic reactions can vary greatly in their severity. This may depend on the quantity and route of allergen exposure, and on the individual. The most severe reactions...

More

Anti-Histamines

Histamine H1-receptor antagonists These are mostly effective against mast cell activated inflammatory reactions. In asthma, mast cells are involved in the early stages of the reaction, but their role is not great enough to...

More

Autoantibodies

Quick summary of Autoantibodies   Antibody Disease Anti-dsDNA SLE Anti-mitochondrial Primary Biliary Sclerosis ASMA – Anti- smooth muscle antibody Chronic active hepatitis pANCA Ulcerative Colitis cANCA Wegner’s granulomatosis Anti-endomysial / gliadin / transglutamase Coeliac...

More