CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores

The CHADS2 and¬†CHA2DS2-VASc (“Chads-Vasc”)¬†scores are used for assessing the risk of stroke in AF. Generally in clinical use, the CHA2DS2-VASc has superseded use of the CHADS2 score, which has been criticised for underestimating stroke...

More

CURB-65 Score

Community-acquired pneumonia Severity can be assessed by using the CURB-65 score (1 point for each): Confusion Urea >7mmol/L Respiratory rate ‚Č• 30/min BP < 90 systolic and/or 60mmHg diastolic Age ‚Č• 65 Score: 0-1...

More

HAS-BLED score for anticoagulation

The HAS-BLED tool is often used to assess a patient’s bleeding risk before starting the use of anticoagulation – particularly in relation to atrial fibrillation. It is often used in conjunction with the CHA2DS2-VASc...

More

Hepatic Encephelopathy

West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or apathy. Disorientation. Inappropriate behavior....

More

MRC Dyspnoea Scale in COPD

Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale in COPD 1: Not troubles by breathlessness except on strenuous exercise. 2: Short of breath when hurrying or walking up a slight hill. 3: Walks slower than contemporaries on...

More

NYHA Heart Failure Classification

New York (NYHA) classification of heart failure Class I (Mild): Heart disease present, but no undue dyspnoea from ordinary     activity. Class II (Mild): Comfortable at rest; dyspnoea on ordinary activities. Class III (Moderate): Less...

More

PERC score

The PERC score can be used as a screening tool in patients with a low clinical likelihood of pulmonary embolism Рto assess if there is a need for further work-up, or to exclude a...

More