APGAR stands for:
Co-incidentally this is also the exact last name of the anaesthetist who developed the score in the 1950s – Virginia Apgar.
The score is assessed immediately after birth in the delivery room and is a screening tool to assess for the need for any emergency medical intervention.
It is a predictor of the need for urgent immediate care, but is not a predictor of any long term health defects.
APGAR birth prognosis score
Arms and legs flexed
Below 100 bpm
Above 100 bpm
Some flexion of extremities
Active motion (sneeze, cough, pull away)
Body pink, extremities blue
- Premature deliveries – typically lower muscle tone and less developed lung function
- High-risk pregnancies
- Caesarean section
- Complicated deliveries