Read more about the article ENT Tumours
Acoustic Neuroma

ENT Tumours

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In this article we look at some common types of ENT tumours. Acoustic Neuroma / Vestibular Schwannoma Acoustic Neuromas (AN), or as they should be called, vestibular schwannomas are tumours…

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Read more about the article Epistaxis


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Introduction Most nosebleeds arise from little’s area on the nasal septum. Five arteries anastomose to form little’s area: Anterior Ethmoid Artery Posterior Ethmoid Artery Sphenopalatine Artery Great Palatine Artery Superior…

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Read more about the article Facial Pain
Face in pain

Facial Pain

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Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the…

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Read more about the article Hearing Loss in Adults
Audiology hearing test showing hearing loss. Image by by OpalMirror is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Hearing Loss in Adults

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Common causes External meatus blocked by wax Presbyacusis Sensorineural hearing loss Presbyacusis Loss of hair cells on cochlear as increase in age Audiogram; High frequencies lost first, low frequencies stay…

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Read more about the article Hearing Loss In Children
child having hearing test. Image byby viralbus is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Hearing Loss In Children

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Introduction Hearing loss in children is particularly important due to the effects on developing language and speech and performance in school. Hearing aids should be fitted early if severe deafness is…

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Neck and Thyroid Exam

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Introduction Wash hands, check right patient, introduce yourself, get permission Ask the patient to sit up straight in a chair, and expose their neck down to the shoulders. You could…

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Causes Causes of Otalgia Local Causes Causes of Referred Pain Acute otitis externa Acute otitis media Furunculosis Barotrauma Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Neoplasia Perichondritis Myringitis Children Tonsillitis Dental disease / teething…

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Otitis Externa

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Introduction Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the external ear canal. It is a common presentation in general practice. It is occasionally known as "swimmer's ear" due to…

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Otitis Media

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Introduction Otitis Media is an umbrella term that can refer to several subtypes of middle ear infection and inflammation; acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, and chronic suppurative otitis media.…

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Overview of Hearing Loss

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Introduction Hearing loss can be: Sensorineural Conductive  Mixed Hearing loss is quantified by audiological assessment and the production of an audiogram which quotes air and bone hearing thresholds in dB.…

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