Candidiasis (Thrush)

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Introduction Vaginal thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is the most second cause of pathological vaginal discharge (behind bacterial vaginosis), it is not usually sexually transmitted, and is instead the result of fungal…

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Chlamydia
Chlamydae Life Cycle

Chlamydia

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) is the most common bacterial STI. It is most common in those <30, and is often asymptomatic. It is simple to test for and to treat. Previous infection…

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Contraception
Empty rolled condom

Contraception

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of…

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Contraception – barrier methods
Empty rolled condom

Contraception – barrier methods

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Condoms This is a form of barrier contraception, and stops the sperm from reaching the egg. These are easily accessible, cheap to buy, and can also be procured free of…

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Contraception – Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill – COCP
Oral contraceptive pill

Contraception – Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill – COCP

  • Reading time:10 mins read

Introduction Combined oral contraceptive pills contain both oestrogen and progestogen. This method is: Reliable and reversible Can reduce dysmennorrhoae (painful menstruation) and menoorhagia (heavy bleeding) Can reduce PMT (pre-menstrual tension) Reduce…

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Contraception – Intrauterine Devices (IUD)

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Introduction Intrauterine devices (IUD) are a commonly prescribed form of contraception. They are a LARC - long-active reversible contraception, and as such are often recommended ahead of other forms of…

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Culture and Contraception
Empty rolled condom

Culture and Contraception

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction When discussing contraception with any patient, it may be useful to understand a little about the patient’s cultural and / or religious background. Obviously, it is not the medical…

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Gonorrhoea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Note the intracellular Gram-negative diplococci, and pleomorphic extracellular Gram-negative organisms, which is diagnostic for Gonorrhoea - although the more recent NAAT PCR is now the recommended diagnostic test.

Gonorrhoea

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, "the clap") - a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically…

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HIV and AIDS

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Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment…

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Human Papilloma Virus – HPV

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Epidemiology The most common STI in the UK Estimated that 10-20% of the population have a genital HPV infection, but only 1% of the population are symptomatic at any one…

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