Candidiasis (Thrush)

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Introduction Vaginal thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is the most second cause of pathological vaginal discharge (behind bacterial vaginosis), it is not usually sexually transmitted, and is instead the result of fungal…

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Read more about the article Chlamydia
Chlamydae Life Cycle

Chlamydia

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) is the most common bacterial STI. It is most common in those <30, and is often asymptomatic. It is simple to test for and to treat. Previous infection…

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Read more about the article Contraception
Empty rolled condom

Contraception

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Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of…

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Read more about the article Culture and Contraception
Empty rolled condom

Culture and Contraception

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Introduction When discussing contraception with any patient, it may be useful to understand a little about the patient’s cultural and / or religious background. Obviously, it is not the medical…

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Read more about the article Gonorrhoea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Note the intracellular Gram-negative diplococci, and pleomorphic extracellular Gram-negative organisms, which is diagnostic for Gonorrhoea - although the more recent NAAT PCR is now the recommended diagnostic test.

Gonorrhoea

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, "the clap") - a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically…

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HIV and AIDS

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Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment…

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