Candidiasis (Thrush)

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Vaginal thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is the most second cause of pathological vaginal discharge (behind bacterial vaginosis), it is not usually sexually transmitted, and is instead the result of fungal…

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Read more about the article Chlamydia
Chlamydae Life Cycle


  • Reading time:10 mins read

Introduction Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) is the most common bacterial STI. It is most common in those <30, and is often asymptomatic. It is simple to test for and to treat. Previous infection…

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Read more about the article Contraception
Empty rolled condom


  • Reading time:2 mins read

Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of…

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Read more about the article Culture and Contraception
Empty rolled condom

Culture and Contraception

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Introduction When discussing contraception with any patient, it may be useful to understand a little about the patient’s cultural and / or religious background. Obviously, it is not the medical…

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Read more about the article Gonorrhoea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Note the intracellular Gram-negative diplococci, and pleomorphic extracellular Gram-negative organisms, which is diagnostic for Gonorrhoea - although the more recent NAAT PCR is now the recommended diagnostic test.


  • Reading time:11 mins read

Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, "the clap") - a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically…

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Read more about the article HIV and AIDS
HIV Virion


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Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment…

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