Euthyroid Sick Syndrome

This condition is not very well understood! This is a condition where TSH and T3/T4 levels are low, but there is no underlying pathology of the thyroid. These test results are the same as...

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Goitre

Goitre – enlarged palpable thyroid gland, moves on swallowing Best way to assess is via USS Not necessarily indicative of disease Simple Goitre – normal level of hormones, no treatment necessary Multinodular Goitre – progresses with age, secrete autonomously, many nodules can...

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Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)

Introduction Thyrotoxicosis is the state produced by excessive thyroid hormone. It is not strictly the same thing as hyperthyroidism, as thyrotoxicosis can exist without hyperthyroidism being present – for example – after the administration...

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Hypothyroidism

Introduction Hypothyroidism (aka myxoedema) Hypothyroidism is a common disorder which presents most commonly in women and the elderly. It is typically relatively straight-forward to treat. As the symptoms can be non-specific, be on the...

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