Read more about the article Cardiac Arrest
CPR training

Cardiac Arrest

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‚ÄčIntroduction Cardiac arrest is an 'arrest' in the activity of the heart - the heart has stopped beating. There will be no contraction of the heart muscle, but there may…

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Read more about the article Cardiac Catheterization
A coronary angiogram showing good blood flow int he left circumflex artery after a stunting procedure. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Cardiac Catheterization

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Introduction This is not necessarily the same as coronary angiography, although the two terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Cardiac catheterisation is the process by which you gain catheter access to…

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Read more about the article Cardiac Tamponade
The Normal pericardial sac - seize exaggerated in this diagram. Original image from Wikimedia commons. Author: Connexions

Cardiac Tamponade

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Introduction Cardiac Tamponade is a condition where the heart become compressed by excess fluid in the pericardium. Compression causes reduced diastolic filling of the heart, which can cause cardiac arrest.…

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Read more about the article Cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy X-ray. Noe the implanted defibrillator and previous mitral valve replacement

Cardiomyopathy

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Introduction Cardiomyopathy is a term used to describe a heart muscle disorder, without another obvious cardiac abnormality. The European Heart Journal describes it as a: myocardial disorder in which heart…

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Read more about the article Cardiovascular Examination
Cardiovascular Examination. Image by medipics1066 is licensed with CC BY 2.0.

Cardiovascular Examination

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Introduction Male students will require a chaperone to examine female patients. You should ask your patient to strip to the waist. Female patients can cover up (with a sheet or…

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Read more about the article Cardiovascular Physiology
Cardiac Physiology

Cardiovascular Physiology

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Comparison of skeletal and cardiac muscle Skeletal Muscle¬†Cells The cells are called skeletal muscle fibres. They run the whole length of the muscle. They have hundreds of nuclei, and are…

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Read more about the article Chest X-Ray
A normal CXR in a healthy young male. In particular note the normal markings, clear costophrenic angles, and clear lung fields. There is quite a large gastric bubble, but this is not considered pathologic.

Chest X-Ray

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Introduction The chest x-ray (also known as CXR¬†or¬†Chest Radiograph)¬†is probably the most commonly performed medical imaging procedure. An x-ray can typically discern 4 different densities: Air (black) Metal - i.e.…

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Read more about the article Coarctation of the aorta
Coarctation of the aorta. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Coarctation of the aorta

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Introduction Coarctation of the aorta ‚Äď L-to-R shunt ‚Äď ACYANOTIC Accounts for up to 10% of congential heart defects Male:female ratio is 2:1 Affects 10-20% of patients with Turner‚Äôs Syndrome…

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