Read more about the article ACE Inhibitors
Renin-angiotension-aldosterone system

ACE Inhibitors

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Introduction ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) e.g. ramipril, perindopril, enalapril, lisinopril, captopril¬†are commonly used medications to treat hypertension and heart failure¬†- they are considered first line agents in both…

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Read more about the article Amiodarone
Amiodarone vial for injection


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Indication and dose Amiodarone is an anti-arrhythmic drug. Used particularly when other drugs have been ineffective or contra-indicated. It is most commonly used in atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, but…

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Read more about the article Analgesics
Paracetamol Analgesia


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Pain is a common problem, and it is essential that doctors know how to treat it. It is recognised that many psychosocial factors affect people‚Äôs perception of pain, in particular…

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Read more about the article Anti-Histamines
Drugs in medicine


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Histamine H1-receptor antagonists These are mostly effective against mast cell activated inflammatory reactions. In asthma, mast cells are involved in the early stages of the reaction, but their role is…

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Read more about the article Anticholinergics
Drugs in medicine


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Anticholinergics (aka antimuscarinic agents) are usually inhaled, but can be given IV in hospital. They are used in respiratory conditions as adjuncts to steroids and¬†ő≤2 receptors agonists. It is also…

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Read more about the article Anticoagulant Therapy
Drugs in medicine

Anticoagulant Therapy

  • Reading time:25 mins read

Introduction Anticoagulation ("blood-thinning") is a therapeutic mechanism used to reduce the risk of blood clots, or to treat already established blood clots for various indications, including; venous thromboembolism (for prevent…

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Read more about the article Antiemetics
Drugs in medicine


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Introduction Antiemetics are widely used on a daily basis both in and out of hospital. Nausea is a common symptom that you will be expected to manage appropriately, in much…

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