African Sleeping Sickness
Trypanosoma on blood film

African Sleeping Sickness

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Organism African Sleeping Sickness is one of two diseases cause by¬†Trypanosome parasites Transmission Tsetse fly (bite during the day) Epidemiology African Sleeping Sickness is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (West…

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Amoebiasis

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Organism Protozoan- Entamoeba histolytica Incubation: days-years Transmission Faecal-oral (usually contaminated water): infection by ingestion of 4-nucleated cysts. ¬† Epidemiology Humans are the only reservoir 10% world population are infected (rare…

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Antibiotics Prescribing Guidelines
Drugs in medicine

Antibiotics Prescribing Guidelines

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Introduction These antibiotic guidelines are intended to give a basic overview of the types of antibiotic¬†used to treat various kinds of infection. They should not be used as clinical guidelines.…

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Bacterial Treatments at a glance
Drugs in medicine

Bacterial Treatments at a glance

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Please note that microbial sensitivities vary between regions & countries, as well as over time. Individual hospital guidelines very widely, and this is just an overview of general sensitivies. Please…

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Barmah Forest Virus
Barmah Forest Virus

Barmah Forest Virus

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Introduction Barmah Forest Virus causes infection in humans and other mammals. In humans, the infection results in polyarthritis, fever, tiredness, lethargy and rash. It has been identified only in Australia,…

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Brucellosis
Brucella bacteria

Brucellosis

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Organism Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus 3 species responsible for human infection: B. Abortus (disease of cattle) ‚Äď Africa and india B. melitensis (disease of sheep, goats and camels) ‚Äď Mediterranean…

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Candidiasis (Thrush)

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Introduction Vaginal thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is the most second cause of pathological vaginal discharge (behind bacterial vaginosis), it is not usually sexually transmitted, and is instead the result of fungal…

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Causes of Splenomegaly
Image showing an enlarged spleen

Causes of Splenomegaly

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Splenomegaly refers to an abnormally enlarged liver. There are many causes of splenomegaly, the most common of which can be summarised with the mnemonic¬†CHICAGO¬†(below). Splenomegaly may also be associated with…

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Cellulitis
Left Leg Cellulitis. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Courtesy Colm Anderson

Cellulitis

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Introduction Cellulitis is caused by bacterial infection of the dermis layer of the skin and the deeper subcutaneous tissues. Often the infection is due to a break or puncture to…

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