Hepatitis A

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Aetiology and Epidemiology Hepatitis A is most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities…

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Hepatitis B

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Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to…

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Hepatitis C

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Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical…

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Hepatitis D

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You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually…

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Hepatitis E

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Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly…

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Hepatitis G

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It behaves a bit like hep C. Up to 2% of blood donors in US have this – but it is not considered pathogenic.

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Read more about the article Herpes Simplex
Herpes Simplex around the mouth. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Herpes Simplex

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Introduction Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is transmitted by direct skin to skin contact. There are two types of herpes simplex virus: Type I – usually causes oral lesions, but can…

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Read more about the article HIV and AIDS
HIV Virion


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Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment…

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Read more about the article Immunisation Schedule – UK
A Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis vaccination is prepared for a patient.

Immunisation Schedule – UK

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Routine Immunisations UK vaccination schedule as of March 2020 Age Diseases Vaccines 8 weeks (2 months) Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis PolioMeningitis B Rotavirus Hib PneumococcusHep B DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB  (Infanrix hexa) Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine…

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Influenza Vaccine

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Introduction The influenza vaccine is an annual vaccine, typically offered to patients at high risk of seasonal influenza (flu). It is not usually a live vaccine. Modern vaccines typically contain constituents of…

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