Hepatitis A

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Aetiology and Epidemiology Hepatitis A is most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities…

Continue ReadingHepatitis A

Hepatitis B

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to…

Continue ReadingHepatitis B

Hepatitis C

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical…

Continue ReadingHepatitis C

Hepatitis D

  • Reading time:1 mins read

You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually…

Continue ReadingHepatitis D

Hepatitis E

  • Reading time:1 mins read

Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly…

Continue ReadingHepatitis E

Hepatitis G

  • Reading time:1 mins read

It behaves a bit like hep C. Up to 2% of blood donors in US have this – but it is not considered pathogenic.

Continue ReadingHepatitis G

Herpes Simplex

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Introduction Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is transmitted by direct skin to skin contact. There are two types of herpes simplex virus: Type I – usually causes oral lesions, but can…

Continue ReadingHerpes Simplex

HIV and AIDS

  • Reading time:11 mins read

Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment…

Continue ReadingHIV and AIDS
Read more about the article Immunisation Schedule – UK
A Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis vaccination is prepared for a patient.

Immunisation Schedule – UK

  • Reading time:9 mins read

Routine Immunisations UK vaccination schedule as of March 2020 Age Diseases Vaccines 8 weeks (2 months) Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis PolioMeningitis B Rotavirus Hib PneumococcusHep B DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB  (Infanrix hexa) Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine…

Continue ReadingImmunisation Schedule – UK

Influenza Vaccine

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction The influenza vaccine is an annual vaccine, typically offered to patients at high risk of seasonal influenza (flu). It is not usually a live vaccine. Modern vaccines typically contain constituents of…

Continue ReadingInfluenza Vaccine