Read more about the article Retinitis Pigmentosa
View of the retina in retinitis pigments - showing pigmentation of the periphery

Retinitis Pigmentosa

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disease which causes progressive and irreversible damage to the retina, resulting in blindness. It affects about 1 in 4,000 people. There are at least 50…

Continue ReadingRetinitis Pigmentosa


  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction A squint (or strabismus) is a misalignment of the visual axis of the eyes. Eye Movements Superior Rectus: Abduction and elevation Lateral Rectus: Abduction Inferior Rectus Abduction and depression…

Continue ReadingSquints

The Red Eye

  • Reading time:9 mins read

Introduction Most acute ophthalmological presentations can be divided into three main categories: The painful red eye The sudden painless loss of vision Eye trauma In this article, we consider the…

Continue ReadingThe Red Eye

Thyroid Eye Disease

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Introduction Typically associated with the signs of Grave’s disease (goitre, acropathy, hyperthyroidism and pretibial myxoedema). Autoimmune orbital disease may occur without thyroid autoantibodies Clinical features Swelling of the eyelids Oedema…

Continue ReadingThyroid Eye Disease

Watering Eyes

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Causes Excessive tear production – rare, may be seen in dry eye (drying of the eye leads to increased secretion of tears) Lid malposition causing punctal malposition - mild ectropion…

Continue ReadingWatering Eyes