Acute Limb Ischaemia
Acute Limb Ischaemia - note in this example the dusky colour of the toes indicating significant cyanosis. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Acute Limb Ischaemia

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Introduction Acute limb ischaemia occurs when there is blockage of a peripheral artery, either from a thromboembolism, or sometimes from an embolic plaque. It frequently occurs on a background of…

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Aneurysm and AAA
Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Image modified from original images taken from SMART by Servier Medical Art by Servier and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License

Aneurysm and AAA

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Definitions An aneurysm is an artery that has a localised dilation, with a permanent diameter of >1.5x that expected of the particular artery. True Aneurysm – the wall of the…

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Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
Peripheral Vascular Disease. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

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Introduction Peripheral vascular disease (PVD, also Peripheral Arterial Disease - PAD) is a chronic condition due to atherosclerosis of arteries in the limbs. The level of arterial occlusion present is proportional…

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Peripheral Vascular Exam

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Introduction introduce yourself wash your hands check you’ve got the right patient Inspection Is the patient in any pain? Check around the bed Mobility aids O2 Cigarettes Medication Look for…

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Skin ulcers
Arterial foot ulcer

Skin ulcers

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Introduction Skin ulcers are a common presentation to general practice - affecting 2-3 patients per 1000 per year, and can have several important causes: Venous ulcers Due to venous blood…

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Varicose Veins

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Introduction Varicose veins... Are tortuous dilated superficial veins Are different to reticular veins or telangiectasia Are caused by weak vein walls causing dilation and valve incompetence Are often symptomless Are…

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