Hepatitis A

Aetiology and Epidemiology The most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities with overcrowding Commonly found in water...

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Hepatitis B

Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to be over 350 million...

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Hepatitis C

Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical transmission from mother to...

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Hepatitis D

You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually reduces the severity of...

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Hepatitis E

Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly seen in Asia and...

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HIV and AIDS

Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment means that life expectancy...

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Infective Endocarditis

Introduction Infective Endocarditis (IE) is a condition caused by infection of the endocardium by bacteria, or rarely, fungus. It most commonly affects the heart valves (natural or prosthetic), but can occur anywhere along the...

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