ENT Tumours

In this article we look at some common types of ENT tumours. Acoustic Neuroma / Vestibular Schwannoma Acoustic Neuromas (AN), or as they should be called, vestibular schwannomas are tumours of the vestibulocochlear nerve...

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Epistaxis

Introduction Most nosebleeds arise from little’s area on the nasal septum. Five arteries anastomose to form little’s area: Anterior Ethmoid Artery Posterior Ethmoid Artery Sphenopalatine Artery Great Palatine Artery Superior Labial Artery Causes Local...

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Facial Pain

Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the nose Pain is worse...

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Hearing Loss in Adults

Common causes External meatus blocked by wax Presbyacusis Sensorineural hearing loss Presbyacusis Loss of hair cells on cochlear as increase in age Audiogram; High frequencies lost first, low frequencies stay in normal range, no...

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Otalgia

Causes Causes of Otalgia Local Causes Causes of Referred Pain Acute otitis externa Acute otitis media Furunculosis Barotrauma Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Neoplasia Perichondritis Myringitis Children Tonsillitis Dental disease / teething Upper respiratory tract infection...

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Otitis Media

Introduction Otitis Media is an umbrella term that can refer to several subtypes of middle ear infection and inflammation; acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, and chronic suppurative otitis media. It is important to...

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Overview of Hearing Loss

Introduction Hearing loss can be: Sensorineural Conductive  Mixed Hearing loss is quantified by audiological assessment and the production of an audiogram which quotes air and bone hearing thresholds in dB. Sensorineural hearing loss pathology...

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