Read more about the article Adrenal Physiology
Location of the adrenal gland - on top of the kidneys. Image modified from original images taken from SMART by Servier Medical Art by Servier and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License

Adrenal Physiology

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Introduction This article looks at adrenal physiology and explains the production and effects of adrenal products. For more information on mechanisms of blood pressure regulation, secretion of ions, and other…

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Read more about the article Gastric Physiology

Gastric Physiology

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Introduction The stomach can be roughly divided into two regions, which contain two different lots of cells, with different functions Oxyntic glandular area – this contains oxyntic (parietal cells) that…

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Read more about the article Liver Physiology
Liver lobule

Liver Physiology

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Function The two roles of the liver are: Processing of absorbed materials Excretion of unwanted products and secretion of stuff to help with fat digestion Structure The liver is divided…

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Renal Physiology

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Introduction Renal physiology is complicated. Don't worry too much if you don't feel like you have a full grasp of it - most of us don't! It seems to be…

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Respiratory Physiology

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Inspiration is an active process, but normal expiration is a passive process. Forced expiration recruits the abdominal muscles to help force out air. Muscles of breathingDiaphragm – this is the main…

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