Aggressive Behaviour

People prone to aggressive behaviour are at greater risk of mental illness Aggressive and abusive behaviour is also a feature of mental illness 40% of medical staff report being physically assaulted at some point...

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Antipsychotics

Introduction Antipsychotics are also sometimes called neuroleptics or major tranquilizers. There are two types of antipsychotic drugs; first generation (typical antipsychotics) and atypical antipsychotics. There is debate about how to classify a drug as typical...

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Anxiety and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalised Anxiety Disorder is a common presentation in both primary and secondary care. It is often associated with depression, and can be chronic (often life long) or associated with certain acute life stresses. Epidemiology...

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Biploar Disorder

Summary Formerly known as manic depression, bipolar disorder is now the term used to describe this psychiatric condition that involves both depressive and manic episodes. There are three types: Bipolar 1 disorder – there...

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Delirium (Acute Confusional State)

Delirium is defined as an acute and fluctuating disturbance in level of consciousness, attention and global cognition. Prompt treatment is required to avoid potential brain damage. The underlying mechanism is poorly understood, but believed...

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Depression

Introduction Depression is one of a group of disorders known as the affective mood disorders, and the internalising disorders – other examples include: Affective mood disorder Depression Anxiety Bipolar Disorder The symptoms of these...

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Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Introduction The abuse of alcohol and drugs from a psychological perspective comes under the heading of externalising disorders. This category essentially encompasses the tendency of an individual to act out their problems. Other externalising...

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Eating Disorders and Weight Loss

Introduction Eating disorders are associated with a high degree of morbidity, and occasionally – mortality. They most commonly present in adolescent females. About 1 in 20 young females who pursue a ‘diet’ to lose weight will...

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Eponymous Psychiatric Syndromes

Othello Syndrome Patients hold the delusional belief that their partner is cheating on them. Affects males more than females. They may be threatening towards their partner and stalk or have them followed. Cotard’s Syndrome...

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