Read more about the article Anaemia of Chronic Disease
Red Blood Cell

Anaemia of Chronic Disease

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Introduction Anaemia of Chronic Disease (ACD) is common, particularly in the hospital setting. It occurs as a result of: Chronic infection Chronic inflammation Neoplasia Chronic kidney disease The anaemia is…

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Read more about the article Autoantibodies


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Quick summary of Autoantibodies and their associated condition Antibody Disease Anti-dsDNA SLE Anti-mitochondrial Primary Biliary Sclerosis ASMA – Anti- smooth muscle antibody Chronic active hepatitis pANCA Ulcerative Colitis cANCA Wegner’s…

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Read more about the article Causes of Splenomegaly
Image showing an enlarged spleen

Causes of Splenomegaly

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Splenomegaly is a term that refers to an abnormally enlarged spleen. There are many causes of splenomegaly, the most common of which can be summarised with the mnemonic CHICAGO (below). Splenomegaly…

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Read more about the article Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT
Doppler ultrasounds demonstrating DVT. Note the red and blue overlay which indicate blood flow away from and towards the probe in a doppler scan. The lack of this colour overlay in the arrowed area is indicative of the presence of clot. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT

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Summary Deep Vein Thrombosis is exactly as its name suggests: a clot in the veins. They can occur in any vein, although they are much more likely in the veins…

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Read more about the article DVT Exam
Patient with phelgmasia DVT of the left leg. Phlegmasia is a severe form of DVT with complete occlusion of the venous circulation, resulting in an acute onset presentation, and unlike a more traditional DVT it is associated with significant pain.

DVT Exam

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Introduction A swollen, tender, warm, red calf can be indicative of several conditions, one of which is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). Other differentials could include include cellulitis, muscle injury, achilles…

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Read more about the article Essential Thrombocythaemia
Histopathology of a bone marrow aspirate of a patient with essential thrombocythaemia. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Essential Thrombocythaemia

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Chronic myeloproliferative disorder, persistent increase in platelet count. About half of cases are discovered incidentally on FBC and the other half become symptomatic - typically with thrombus formation. Associated with thrombotic…

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