Sepsis and SIRS

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Definitions Before discussing SIRS along with the various sepsis syndromes, it is important to understand some basic definitions. Infection: This is the inflammatory response initiated by the presence of a…

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Strongyloides

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Introduction Strongyloides is a type of threadworm that commonly infections humans and other mammals. It is much less common in developed countries than another type of threadworm - pinworms. Colloquially,…

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Syphilis

  • Reading time:10 mins read

Introduction Syphilis (aka venereal disease¬†or¬†venereal syphilis)¬†is a contagious (usually sexually transmitted) disease caused by the spirochaete bacterium ‚Äď treponema pallidum. Transmission is either by sexual contact, or congenital via spread…

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TB – Tuberculosis

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Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)¬†of which there are three types that infect humans: M. tuberculosis -¬†by far the most common type M.…

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Tetanus

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Introduction Tetanus is a bacterial infection caused by¬†clostridium tetani,¬†which causes involuntary muscle spasm, and if untreated, is fatal in about 10% of cases. The bacterium is widespread in the natural…

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Tonsillitis

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Introduction Tonsillitis is an acute inflammation of the tonsils, usually secondary to an infect. It is a common cause of sore throat, and a common reason for presentation to General…

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Toxoplasmosis

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Introduction Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoa Toxoplasma gondii, whose main reservoir is in cats, although it can infect most mammals. In humans, it can cause an…

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Trichomoniasis

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Introduction Trichomoniasis is a parasitic protozoan infection, the result of infection with the flagellated anaerobic trichomonas vaginalis. This is the most common protozoan infection in the developed world It is…

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