Read more about the article Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol abuse and addiction

Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse

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Introduction Alcohol is the most dangerous addictive drug in the world. It kills around 15 Australians every day. Alcohol abuse is widespread in Western Society, and is a common presenting…

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Read more about the article Alcoholic Hepatitis
Mallory body seen on histology. Mallory bodies are eosinophilic inclusions that have a "rope-like" appearance. Note the highlights body on this image. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Alcoholic Hepatitis

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Alcoholic hepatitis is a very common cause of liver injury. It is caused by excessive alcohol intake. Typically there will be¬†steatosis¬†of the liver. In this pathological change, fat globules…

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Read more about the article Bilirubin Metabolism and Jaundice
Jaundice with scleral icterus. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Bilirubin Metabolism and Jaundice

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Production of Bilirubin Every haem molecule will produce one molecule of bilirubin. These molecules are found in haemoglobin and myoglobin. Also, cytochrome enzymes will also produce one molecule of bilirubin.…

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Read more about the article Causes of Hepatomegaly
Image of liver showing hepatomeagaly

Causes of Hepatomegaly

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Hepatomegaly describes an¬†enlarged liver.¬†There are many causes of hepatomegaly, and learning some mnemonics might help you to memorise some of them! Sometimes it is associated with an enlarged spleen -…

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Read more about the article EBV ‚Äď Epstein Barr Virus
Epsteine Barr Virus. This electron microscopic image of two Epstein Barr Virus virions (viral particles) shows round capsids‚ÄĒprotein-encased genetic material‚ÄĒloosely surrounded by the membrane envelope. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

EBV – Epstein Barr Virus

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Introduction Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a type of human herpes virus. It is extremely widespread, and is contracted by close person to person contact. It can cause a wide range…

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Read more about the article Haemochromatosis
Haemochromatosis Histology. Micrograph of hemochromatosis liver showing hepatocytes with coarse golden yellow granules of hemosiderin within the cytoplasm. These granules stain with Prussian blue stain. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Haemochromatosis

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Introduction The term haemochromatosis is usually used to describe a group of autosomal recessive disorders of iron metabolism. It is sometime called hereditary haemochromatosis and abbreviated to HHC. The most…

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Liver Physiology

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FunctionThe two roles of the liver are:Processing of absorbed materialsExcretion of unwanted products and secretion of stuff to help with fat digestionStructureThe liver is divided into many thousands of ‘lobules’…

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