Achilles Tendinopathy
Calcification of achilles tendon at insertion into calcaneum - as denoted by yellow arrow

Achilles Tendinopathy

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Introduction The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. Tendinopathy and rupture can affect both athletes and those with sedentary lifestyles Achilles tendinopathy is usually an overuse condition,…

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Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon rupture on USS. The area of disrupted tissue is indicated by the red line. Image by Hellerhoff is licensed with CC BY-SA 3.0

Achilles Tendon Rupture

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Introduction The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. Tendinopathy and rupture can affect both athletes and those with sedentary lifestyles Acute injury (i.e. rupture) to the Achilles…

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Arthritis Definitions
Lady with arthritis

Arthritis Definitions

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Arthritis referrs to "inflammation of the joints", or perhaps more correctly - painful joints. Arthritis can be considered to be of four main types: Osteoarthritis - a degenerative form of arthritis…

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Calcium, Vitamin D and bone density
Dietary sources of calcium include milk and other dairy products, notes and seeds, fish, dates broccoli and other leafy green vegetables.

Calcium, Vitamin D and bone density

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Calcium 99% in bone, 1% in blood Obtained through diet (mainly dairy products), absorption controlled by vitamin D.   Calcium Regulation Controlled by Parathyroid hormone, secreted from the parathyroid gland.…

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Anatomy of carpal tunnel syndrome. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist, as it…

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Charcot’s Joint
Charcot Arthopathy Presentation in left foot

Charcot’s Joint

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Introduction Charcot's Joint (aka Charcot's osteoarthropathy or Charcot's neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy.…

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Common Fractures and Dislocations in Children

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Fracture of the clavicle Can occur after a fall on an outstretched arm (more likely to cause a Colles’ fracture in the old). Collar and cuff sling for 3 weeks,…

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Comparison and Summary of Types of Arthritis

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Disease Signs and Symptoms Epidemiology Ix and Management Osteoarthritis Hands, Hips, Knees monoarthritis Signs Pain on joint movement, reduced range of movements. ‘Squaring of the hand’ – deformity of the…

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Compartment Syndrome
A fasciotomy being performed for compartment syndrome

Compartment Syndrome

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Introduction Compartment syndrome is a condition that results from swelling of a muscle. The muscle is retained in its fixed volume fascia (its "compartment"), however, and thus the swelling of…

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – CRPS
Complex regional pain syndrome - an image showing the swelling and redness sen in CPRS. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – CRPS

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Introduction Complex regional pain syndrome (previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or Sudeck atrophy) is a poorly understood condition which typically affects the extremities (arms and legs), causing severe pain, disability and…

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