Read more about the article Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Baby wearing a Pavlik Harness. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

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Introduction Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH, formerly known as congenital dislocation of the hip) describes any abnormality found in the neonatal hip joint. The degree of abnormality varies considerably.…

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Read more about the article Dupuytren’s Contracture
Dupytren's Contracture. Image from Wikimeda Commons. Author: Frank C. Müller

Dupuytren’s Contracture

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Introduction Dupuytren's Contracture is a progressive flexion deformity of the fingers, typically affecting the 4th (ring) finger. Also commonly affects the little finger, and rarely the middle finger. It is…

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Read more about the article Elbow Examination
AN example of olecranon bursitis of the elbow, causing soft tissue deformity over the olecranon

Elbow Examination

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Look Look from the front for the carrying angle and from the side for flexion deformity Look at elbow for scars, rashes, muscle wasting, rheumatoid nodules, swellings and psoriatic plaques…

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Read more about the article Foot Examination
feet

Foot Examination

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Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot…

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Read more about the article GALS Examination
Examination

GALS Examination

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Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to…

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Read more about the article Gout and Pseudogout
Classical gout appearance 1st MTP. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Gout and Pseudogout

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Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder…

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Read more about the article Hands Examination
Hand

Hands Examination

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Setting up and getting started Look for any walking aids Look around the bed for medications (e.g. artificial tears) Look for any physical aids, e.g. hand grabbers Look for any…

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Hip Examination

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The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if…

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