Lung Cancer

  • Reading time:46 mins read

Introduction When we talk about lung cancer, we are generally referring to tumour of the bronchus. 95% of lung cancers are carcinoma of the bronchus 2% are alveolar tumours 3%…

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Pleural Effusion

  • Reading time:9 mins read

Introduction This is the accumulation of fluid within the pleural space. It is important to note that empyema (collection of pus within the pleural cavity) and haemothorax (collection of blood…

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  • Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction Pneumoconiosis is a term used to describes a range of interstitial lung diseases caused by inhalation of mineral dusts, resulting in interstitial fibrosis. They are usually occupational diseases (but…

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Pneumonia (Adults)

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This article describes adult respiratory tract infection. For more information, please see paediatric respiratory infections Introduction Pneumonia is a common lower respiratory tract infection, characterised by inflammation of the lung…

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Pneumonia (Children)

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, characterised by inflammation of the lung parenchyma and production of fluid in the alveoli. It is technically a type of bronchitis (infection…

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Read more about the article Pneumothorax
Pneumothorax. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Author: BruceBlaus


  • Reading time:11 mins read

Introduction A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space - between the lung and the chest wall. They can be: Primary – no underlying lung disease. Secondary…

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Psittacosis (Ornithosis)

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Psittacosis (aka Ornithosis) is an infectious disease, sometimes associated with an atypical pneumonia, caused by the gram-negative bacterium Chalmydia psittaci. It is usually transmitted to humans from birds. It is contracted through…

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