Lung Cancer

  • Reading time:26 mins read

Introduction When we talk about lung cancer, we are generally referring to tumour of the bronchus. 95% of lung cancers are carcinoma of the bronchus 2% are alveolar tumours 3%…

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Pleural Effusion

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Introduction This is the accumulation of fluid within the pleural space. It is important to note that empyema (collection of pus within the pleural cavity) and haemothorax (collection of blood…

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Pneumoconiosis

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Pneumoconiosis is a term used to describes a range of interstitial lung diseases caused by inhalation of mineral dusts, resulting in interstitial fibrosis. They are usually occupational diseases (but…

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Pneumonia (Adults)

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This article describes adult respiratory tract infection. For more information, please see paediatric respiratory infections Introduction Pneumonia is a common lower respiratory tract infection, characterised by inflammation of the lung…

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Pneumonia (Children)

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Introduction Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, characterised by inflammation of the lung parenchyma and production of fluid in the alveoli. It is technically a type of bronchitis (infection…

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Read more about the article Pneumothorax
Pneumothorax. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Author: BruceBlaus

Pneumothorax

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space - between the lung and the chest wall. They can be: Primary – no underlying lung disease. Secondary…

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Psittacosis (Ornithosis)

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Introduction Psittacosis (aka Ornithosis) is an infectious disease, sometimes associated with an atypical pneumonia, caused by the gram-negative bacterium Chalmydia psittaci. It is usually transmitted to humans from birds. It is contracted through…

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