Abdominal Examination

Summary of Abdominal Examination Introduce yourself, check right patient (name DOB, wrist-band) explain that you are going to perform an abdominal examination and what this will involve, and ask the patient’s permission Get patient...

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Aneurysm and AAA

Definitions An aneurysm is an artery that has a localised dilation, with a permanent diameter of >1.5x that expected of the particular artery. True Aneurysm – the wall of the artery forms the wall...

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Appendicitis

Appendicitis is the most common indication for abdominal surgery in children. Appendicitis is acute inflammation of the appendix   Epidemiology About 5% of the population will have appendicitis at some point Most commonly occurs...

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Breast Cancer

Introduction Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and second most common cause of death from cancer. There are more published studies (on PubMed) on breast cancer, than on any other disease....

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Breast Examination

Background Info Presentations of Breast Disease Lump Pain – Rare in breast cancer Asymmetry – Change in breast size – particularly related to the menstrual cycle Change in breast feature Change in Nipple May...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Epidemiology and Aetiology More common in women Typical presentation at age 30-50 Associated with gout, pregnancy, the pill, premenstrual state, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, acromegaly, obesity, amyloidosis Some believe that jobs that involve repetitive flexing...

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Cholangitis

Introduction Cholangitis is inflammation of the bile duct. It is typically the results of a bacterial infection (often secondary to gallstones), but can also occur in other conditions, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and...

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