Enophthlamos refers to a posterior displacement of the eye ball within the eye socket. It is the opposite of exophthalmos – which refers to an anterior displacement of the eye ball within the eye socket.
There are several causes – which are often significant and / or traumatic in origin.
- Blowout fracture of the orbit
- Microphthalmos (defect in embryogenesis, also cataract and refractive errors)
- Cicatrising metastatic breast carcinoma (rare, progressive enophthalmos associated with very poor prognosis)