Acromegaly
Acromegaly in a male patient. Note the enlarged hands and prominent jaw.

Acromegaly

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Acromegaly is a disorder that occurs due to an excess secretion of growth hormone (GH), after the fusion of the growth plates. The most obvious, and often the earliest…

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Addison’s Disease – Adrenal Insufficiency
Knee's of a patient with Addison's disease showing evidence of hyperpigmentation. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Addison’s Disease – Adrenal Insufficiency

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction Addison's disease is the most common form of adrenal insufficiency. Adrenal insufficiency occurs where there is destruction of the adrenal cortex and reduced output of adrenal hormones. There are…

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Conn’s Syndrome
Endocrinology

Conn’s Syndrome

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Conn's syndrome is primary hyperaldosteronism - an excess of aldosterone. As opposed to Cushing's Syndrome - which is an excess of glucocorticoids, and as opposed to Addison's disease which…

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Cushing’s Syndrome
Cushing syndrome signs and symptoms

Cushing’s Syndrome

  • Reading time:9 mins read

Introduction The term Cushing’s syndrome is used to describe state of excess free circulating glucocorticoid (cortisol). Florid disease is easy to spot, but subtle cases can be more difficult. The…

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Diabetes Insipidus
Endocrinology

Diabetes Insipidus

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Introduction Diabetes Insipidus (DI) is a condition characterised by the passage of large volumes (>3L/day) of dilute urine due to impaired water resorption by the kidney, because of reduced ADH secretion…

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Diabetic Foot Check

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Introduction An important part of routine diabetes care is to check the feet for signs of diabetic foot disease - mainly peripheral neuropathy (and associated skin integrity), but also the increased risk…

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Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Diabetic retinopathy is a preventable complication of diabetes mellitus (both types 1 and 2). The risk is directly correlated to the patients glycemic control - worse control results in…

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Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy
Glucometer

Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

  • Reading time:14 mins read

Gestational Diabetes Introduction Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones.  However, in some women, this is severe enough to result…

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Goitre
Image modified from original images taken from SMART by Servier Medical Art by Servier and is licensed under a Thyroid gland. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License

Goitre

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Introduction Goitre refers to an enlarged palpable thyroid gland, which moves on swallowing. It may be a benign disorder but is also associated with several thyroid diseases, including iodine deficiency (common…

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