Acromegaly
Acromegaly in a male patient. Note the enlarged hands and prominent jaw.

Acromegaly

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Acromegaly is a disorder that occurs due to an excess secretion of growth hormone (GH), after the fusion of the growth plates. The most obvious, and often the earliest…

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Addison’s Disease – Adrenal Insufficiency
Knee's of a patient with Addison's disease showing evidence of hyperpigmentation. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Addison’s Disease – Adrenal Insufficiency

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction Addison's disease is the most common form of adrenal insufficiency. Adrenal insufficiency occurs where there is destruction of the adrenal cortex and reduced output of adrenal hormones. There are…

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Conn’s Syndrome

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Conn's syndrome is primary hyperaldosteronism - an excess of aldosterone. As opposed to Cushing's Syndrome - which is an excess of glucocorticoids, and as opposed to Addison's disease which…

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Cushing’s Syndrome

  • Reading time:9 mins read

Introduction The term Cushing’s syndrome is used to describe state of excess free circulating glucocorticoid (cortisol). Florid disease is easy to spot, but subtle cases can be more difficult. The…

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Diabetes Insipidus

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction Diabetes insipidus is a condition characterised by the passage of large volumes (>3L/day) of dilute urine due to impaired water resorption by the kidney, because of reduced ADH secretion…

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Diabetic Foot Check

  • Reading time:4 mins read

In diabetes it is important to check distal circulation. Diabetes affects blood vessels, causing a loss of blood supply that can lead to ischemia and tissues damage. This is particularly…

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Diabetic Retinopathy

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Introduction Diabetic retinopathy is a preventable complication of diabetes mellitus (both types 1 and 2). The risk is directly correlated to the patients glycemic control - worse control results in…

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Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

  • Reading time:14 mins read

Gestational Diabetes Introduction Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones.  However, in some women, this is severe enough to result…

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Goitre

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Introduction Goitre refers to an enlarged palpable thyroid gland, which moves on swallowing. It may be a benign disorder but is also associated with several thyroid diseases, including iodine deficiency (common…

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