Read more about the article Haemochromatosis
Haemochromatosis Histology. Micrograph of hemochromatosis liver showing hepatocytes with coarse golden yellow granules of hemosiderin within the cytoplasm. These granules stain with Prussian blue stain. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.


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Introduction The term haemochromatosis is usually used to describe a group of autosomal recessive disorders of iron metabolism. It is sometime called hereditary haemochromatosis and abbreviated to HHC. The most…

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Read more about the article Hepatic Encephelopathy
Scoring systemis in medicine

Hepatic Encephelopathy

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West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or…

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Read more about the article Hepatitis A
Electron micrograph of hepatitis A virions.

Hepatitis A

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Aetiology and Epidemiology Hepatitis A is most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities…

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Read more about the article Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B virus - showing the important constituent parts

Hepatitis B

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Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to…

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Read more about the article Hepatitis C
Structure of a hepatitis C virus. Image by Guido4 and used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Hepatitis C

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Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical…

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Read more about the article Hepatitis D
The hepatitis D virus

Hepatitis D

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Overview Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is a virus that requires hepatitis B virus (HBV) for its replication - and as such it is only possible to contract HDV if you…

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Read more about the article Hepatitis E
Electron microscope image of hepatitis E virions

Hepatitis E

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Introduction Hepatits E is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is clinically similar to Hepatitis A. Many cases are asymptomatic. There are…

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Read more about the article Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)
Pathology of hepatorenal syndrome

Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)

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Introduction Hepatorenal syndrome is renal failure secondary to liver disease. It is a life-threatening acute complication of liver failure. It is most commonly seen in alcoholic hepatitis, although can occur…

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Read more about the article Hiatus Hernia
Hiatus hernia

Hiatus Hernia

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A hiatus hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm up into the thoracic cavity. There are two types; sliding hiatus hernia and rolling hiatus hernia. Sliding hiatus…

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