• Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction The term haemochromatosis is usually used to describe a group of autosomal recessive disorders of iron metabolism. It is sometime called hereditary haemochromatosis and abbreviated to HHC. The most…

Continue Reading Haemochromatosis

Haemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Haemorrhoids This is swelling and inflammation of the veins in the rectum and anus. They are THE most common cause of rectal bleeding. They are extremely common in adults. Aetiology…

Continue Reading Haemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders
Hepatic Encephelopathy
Scoring systemis in medicine

Hepatic Encephelopathy

  • Reading time:1 mins read

West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or…

Continue Reading Hepatic Encephelopathy

Hepatitis A

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Aetiology and Epidemiology Hepatitis A is most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities…

Continue Reading Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to…

Continue Reading Hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

  • Reading time:8 mins read

Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical…

Continue Reading Hepatitis C

Hepatitis D

  • Reading time:1 mins read

You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually…

Continue Reading Hepatitis D

Hepatitis E

  • Reading time:1 mins read

Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly…

Continue Reading Hepatitis E

Hepatitis G

  • Reading time:1 mins read

It behaves a bit like hep C. Up to 2% of blood donors in US have this – but it is not considered pathogenic.

Continue Reading Hepatitis G

Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Hepatorenal syndrome is renal failure secondary to liver disease. It is a life-threatening acute complication of liver failure. It is most commonly seen in alcoholic hepatitis, although can occur in…

Continue Reading Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)