Haemochromatosis

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Introduction The term haemochromatosis is usually used to describe a group of autosomal recessive disorders of iron metabolism. It is sometime called hereditary haemochromatosis and abbreviated to HHC. The most…

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Haemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders

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Haemorrhoids This is swelling and inflammation of the veins in the rectum and anus. They are THE most common cause of rectal bleeding. They are extremely common in adults. Aetiology…

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Hepatic Encephelopathy
Scoring systemis in medicine

Hepatic Encephelopathy

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West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or…

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Hepatitis A

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Aetiology and Epidemiology Hepatitis A is most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities…

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Hepatitis B

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Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to…

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Hepatitis C

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Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical…

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Hepatitis D

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You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually…

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Hepatitis E

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Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly…

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Hepatitis G

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It behaves a bit like hep C. Up to 2% of blood donors in US have this – but it is not considered pathogenic.

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Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)

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Hepatorenal syndrome is renal failure secondary to liver disease. It is a life-threatening acute complication of liver failure. It is most commonly seen in alcoholic hepatitis, although can occur in…

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