Read more about the article Facial Nerve Palsy
Patient demonstrating right sided Bell's Palsy. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Facial Nerve Palsy

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Introduction Facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) palsy typically refers to¬†Bell's¬†palsy.¬†which is by far the most common cause of facial nerve palsy - accounting for about 80% of cases. About 12%…

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Read more about the article Facial Pain
Face in pain

Facial Pain

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Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the…

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Read more about the article Falls
Falling man


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Introduction Falls are an incredibly common presentation. You will see them as GP referrals, A+E presentations, and countless times on the ward. Exactly how you examine and manage the patient…

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Read more about the article Friedrich’s Ataxia

Friedrich’s Ataxia

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Introduction Friedrich‚Äôs ataxia is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a repeat nucleotide sequence (GAA) in the frataxin gene, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. It most commonly causes…

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Read more about the article Giant Cell Arteritis
Arteries of the head

Giant Cell Arteritis

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Introduction Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) aka Temporal Arteritis¬†is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition of the medium to large arteries which particularly affects the branches of the carotid artery. It presents with…

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Read more about the article Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

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Introduction Guillain-Barre syndrome is an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP). It typically comes on several weeks after viral infection, usually, GI or URTI (also sometimes flu vaccine [controversial]). HIV is…

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Read more about the article Headache
Patterns of Headache


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Headache is a very common presenting problem. The vast majority of headaches, even though they can be disabling for patients, will be benign. Patients may often associate headache with hypertension…

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