Allergy
Allergy Rash

Allergy

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Definitions Allergy – Inappropriate immune response to normally harmless allergen. Allergen – Foreign particles which produce an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction in sensitive individuals. Atopy – genetic predisposition to exaggerated immune…

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ASD – Atrial Septal Defect

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An Atrial septal defect is a congenital congenital heart defect that causes a shunting of blood from the left to the right atria. L-to-R shunt – ACYANOTIC There are two…

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Asthma
Pathology of an asthma attack. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Asthma

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Introduction Asthma is a chronic lung condition in which there is chronic inflammation of the airways, and hypersensitivity of the airways. Symptoms include wheeze, cough, chest tightness and SOB (dyspnoea).…

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Benign acute childhood myositis
Tip tow walk similar to that seen in viral myositis

Benign acute childhood myositis

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Introduction Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM), sometimes referred to as viral myositis or influenza-associated myositis is a striking cause of childhood immobility, which is typically self-limiting and benign. It often presents in school-age children,…

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Bronchiolitis
An example of intercostal recession - in this example seen in a neonate. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Bronchiolitis

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Introduction This is the most common serious respiratory infection during infancy. It comes in winter epidemics, during which time, 2-3% of all infants are admitted to hospital each year. The…

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Bronchitis
Lungs

Bronchitis

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Definition The term bronchitis can be confusing. It is poorly defined, and sometimes mis-used. Bronchitis can be acute - typically caused by respiratory tract infections (usually viral), or chronic, typically…

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Cerebral Palsy
Brain

Cerebral Palsy

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Introduction Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child…

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Chromosomal Abnormalities
Karyotype_color_chromosomes

Chromosomal Abnormalities

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Chromosomal abnormalities are a very common cause of spontaneous miscarriage. Most commonly a child with a chromosomal abnormality will not survive to birth. However, there are many cases where the…

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Coarctation of the aorta
Coarctation of the aorta. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Coarctation of the aorta

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Introduction Coarctation of the aorta – L-to-R shunt – ACYANOTIC Accounts for up to 10% of congential heart defects Male:female ratio is 2:1 Affects 10-20% of patients with Turner’s Syndrome…

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Common Fractures and Dislocations in Children

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Fracture of the clavicle Can occur after a fall on an outstretched arm (more likely to cause a Colles’ fracture in the old). Collar and cuff sling for 3 weeks,…

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