Asthma
Pathology of an asthma attack. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Asthma

  • Reading time:22 mins read

Introduction Asthma is a chronic lung condition in which there is chronic inflammation of the airways, and hypersensitivity of the airways. Symptoms include wheeze, cough, chest tightness and SOB (dyspnoea).…

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Atrial Fibrillation – AF
Atrial fibrillation on ECG. Note the absence of p waves, and the flat baseline

Atrial Fibrillation – AF

  • Reading time:13 mins read

Introduction Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common tachycardia. It can be caused by many other underlying illness, especially in the acutely unwell patient (such as sepsis, pneumonia, hyperthyroidism or other illness).…

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Anatomy of carpal tunnel syndrome. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist, as it…

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Cataracts
Photo of a cataract with a dilated pupil

Cataracts

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction A cataract is an opacification of the lens of the eye. Cataracts tend to cause gradual loss of visual acuity, with normal pupillary response. Cataracts are the most common…

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Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

  • Reading time:10 mins read

Introduction Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting inherited disease in Caucasians. It is caused by a genetic mutation that alters mucus production, resulting in a more viscous solution. It…

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Dementia

  • Reading time:18 mins read

Dementia is a progressive global decline cognitive function, without impairment of consciousness. It is typically defined as a syndrome secondary to one or more of multiple causes, rather than a diagnosis…

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Dyslipidaemia
Here we see a full blood sample in an EDTA tube. These tubes are placed in a centrifuge and "spun down' to separate the cells from the plasma, before full blood count and other tests are performed. On the left, we see what a typical normal sample looks like before and after centrifuge, and on the right we can see the results for a patient with hyperlipidaemia - you can quite literally see the lipids in the tube!

Dyslipidaemia

  • Reading time:11 mins read

Introduction Dyslipidaemia (often interchangeably used with hyperlipidaemia) describes raised levels of cholesterol in the blood. This is significant because it is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The lipid hypothesis…

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Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)
Eczema on arms

Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)

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Introduction Atopic eczema (aka atopic dermatitis) is a common, chronic, inflammatory skin condition that presents as a poorly demarcated, itchy red rash. It typically affects the skin folds, especially in…

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Endometriosis

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Introduction Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial, or endometrial like tissue grows outside of the uterus. Although in the vast majority of cases the endometriosis is located within the…

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Fibroids

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Fibroids are also known as leiomyomata. They are benign tumours of the myometrium and are very common, affecting in 1 in 25 women. Risk factors include a family history,…

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