Coils (IUD and IUS)

Intrauterine System – IUS aka Mirena Coil This is a progesterone only contraceptive, and releases levonorgestrel directly into the uterine cavity. It is licensed for use as: Contraceptive Treatment for menorrhagia Symptoms usually subside...

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Condoms

Condoms This is a form of barrier contraception, and stops the sperm from reaching the egg. These are easily accessible, cheap to buy, and can also be procured free of charge from health care...

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Contraception

Background info 1/3 of pregnancies are unplanned The UK government now promotes long acting reversible contraception (LARC) (e.g. IUD, IUS, implant)as the best method of contraception because: Reduced chance of patient error – e.g....

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CTG – Cardiotocography

Introduction CTG’s are used widely in obstetrics as a method by which to monitor both the fetal heart and uterine contractions. They are used in conjunction with partograms to monitor labour, but are done...

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Dystocia

This means difficulty during labour. It occurs in about 1% of deliveries. Breech presentation can cause dystocia. Aetiology Diabetes mellitus Fetal macrosomia –  – often caused by maternal diabetes Maternal obesity Induction of labour...

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Ectopic Pregnancy

Definition Implantation of conceptious outside uterine cavity When Women in reproductive age present with pelvic pain and positive pregnancy test à Ectopic pregnancy until proven otherwise   Incidence 20:1000 pregnancies Increasing from 11:1000 pregnancies...

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Emergency Contraception

Introduction Emergency contraception is an important post-coital method of contraception to prevent pregnancy from occurring. These methods do not cause abortion. Instead, they prevent ovulation, fertilisation, and/or implantation. There are three methods by which...

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