Emergency Contraception
emergency contraceptive pill

Emergency Contraception

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Introduction Emergency contraception is an important post-coital method of contraception to prevent pregnancy from occurring. The risk of pregnancy is highest during the 6 days prior to ovulation, and on…

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Endometrial Carcinoma

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Epidemiology The most common genital tract cancer Every year, about 4500 women in the UK develop endometrial cancer The majority (93%) of cases are diagnosed in women aged over 50…

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Endometriosis
Example locations of endometriosis tissue

Endometriosis

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Introduction Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial, or endometrial like tissue grows outside of the uterus. Although in the vast majority of cases the endometriosis is located within the…

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Endometritis
Uterus art by Hey Paul Studios is licensed with CC BY 2.0

Endometritis

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Introduction Postpartum endometritis is a term used to describe inflammation (usually due to infection) in the uterus. It typically due to pregnancy, and can occur up to 6 weeks after…

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Fibroids
Fibroid Locations

Fibroids

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Introduction Fibroids are also known as leiomyomata. They are benign tumours of the myometrium and are very common, affecting in 1 in 25 women. Risk factors include a family history,…

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Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy
Glucometer

Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

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Gestational Diabetes Introduction Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones.  However, in some women, this is severe enough to result…

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Gonorrhoea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Note the intracellular Gram-negative diplococci, and pleomorphic extracellular Gram-negative organisms, which is diagnostic for Gonorrhoea - although the more recent NAAT PCR is now the recommended diagnostic test.

Gonorrhoea

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Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, "the clap") - a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically…

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Herpes Simplex

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Introduction Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is transmitted by direct skin to skin contact. There are two types of herpes simplex virus: Type I – usually causes oral lesions, but can…

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Human Papilloma Virus – HPV

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Epidemiology The most common STI in the UK Estimated that 10-20% of the population have a genital HPV infection, but only 1% of the population are symptomatic at any one…

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Hysterectomy

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Introduction Three types of operation: Abdominal – TAH – Total Abdominal Hysterectomy This is the most common form of surgery performed in the UK Vaginal – VH – Vaginal Hyesterectomy…

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