ABCD2 Score – Stroke Risk
Scoring systemis in medicine

ABCD2 Score – Stroke Risk

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ABCD2 score for predicting the risk of stroke after a TIA Age > 60 years                              …

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Arteriovenous Malformations – AVMs
Cerebral arteriovenous malformation. by Hellerhoff is licensed with CC BY 3.0

Arteriovenous Malformations – AVMs

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The term 'AVM' can be applied to arteriovenous malformations anywhere in the body, but most commonly refers to the abnormalities found in the brain. AVMs are said to be present…

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Assessing Gait
Can you assess the gait of John Cleese?

Assessing Gait

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Gait is a highly co-ordinated action. It requires the integration of sensory and motor information and the functioning of many separate areas. It needs correct sensory function, muscle strength, propriception,…

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Bulbar and Pseudobulbar Palsy
Brainstem

Bulbar and Pseudobulbar Palsy

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Bulbar Palsy This condition refers to lesions in the motor nuclei of the medulla. It is so called, because the region of the brain is sometimes called the bulb of…

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Cerebral Aneurysm
Cerebral Aneurysm on angiography. Image by Lucien Monfils is licensed with CC BY-SA 3.0

Cerebral Aneurysm

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Introduction A cerebral Aneurysm is a localised dilation of an artery within the brain. They rarely occur in veins. They are a major risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage. Aneurysms can…

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Cerebral Palsy
Brain

Cerebral Palsy

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Introduction Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child…

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CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores
Scoring systemis in medicine

CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores

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The CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc ("Chads-Vasc") scores are used for assessing the risk of stroke in AF. Generally in clinical use, the CHA2DS2-VASc has superseded use of the CHADS2 score, which has been…

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Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Charcot Marie Tooth Foot. Note the high arch, hammer toe and reduced muscle. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

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Introduction An inherited peripheral neuropathy. Various forms of inheritances, the most common is autosomal dominant. Can also be passed on in autosomal recessive and X-linked patterns. In rare instances it…

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Cluster Headache
Cluster headache MRI - specifically a type of scan called Voxel-based morphometry - which is highlighting abnormal hypothalamic activity. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Cluster Headache

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Introduction Cluster Headache –  aka - migranous neuralgia accounts for <1% of all headaches. Cluster headache causes a unilateral pain that typically wakes the patient during the night, so called, because…

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