Arthritis Definitions

Definitions Arthropathy – means disease of a joint.  Sometimes used synonymously with arthritis, but generally used when referring to joint pathology, and used for specific conditions: Reactive arthropathy – infection in another part of...

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Behçet’s Disease

Introduction Behçet’s Disease is a rare autoimmune disorder, causing the systemic inflammation of blood vessels. Most commonly seen in individuals of middle eastern origin, the condition is named after Turkish dermatologist Hulusi Behçet who...

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Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited connective tissue disorder caused by defective collagen synthesis. Symptoms vary widely between individuals. Some may be hardly effected, whilst other live severely restricted lives. Epidemiology and Aetiology Several types...

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Elbow Examination

Look Look from the front for the carrying angle and from the side for flexion deformity Look at elbow for scars, rashes, muscle wasting, rheumatoid nodules, swellings and psoriatic plaques Feel Using the back...

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Fibromyalgia

Introudction Fibromyalgia is a non-specific muscular disorder of unknown origin. It primarily affects insertions of tendons and associated soft tissues and presents with dull aching pains. It is much more common in women. Epidemiology...

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Foot Examination

Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot for Achilles tendon thickening...

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GALS Examination

Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to touch the patient, just...

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Gout and Pseudogout

Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder resulting from high concentration...

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Hip Examination

The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if they have any hip...

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