ACE Inhibitors

Introduction ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) e.g. ramipril, perindopril, enalapril, lisinopril, captopril are commonly used medications to treat hypertension and heart failure Рthey are considered first line agents in both of these important conditions....

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Amiodarone

Indication and dose Amiodarone is an anti-arrhythmic drug. Used particularly when other drugs have been ineffective or contra-indicated. It is most commonly used in atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, but is also indicated in:...

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Analgesics

Pain is a common problem, and it is essential that doctors know how to treat it. It is recognised that many psychosocial factors affect people’s perception of pain, in particular of chronic pain. This...

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Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

Introduction Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) are usually used in hypertension, HF and post-MI, usually when an ACE-inhibitor has been ineffective or not tolerated. They are also used ot treat diabetic nephropathy. ACE-Inhibitors often...

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Anti-Histamines

Histamine H1-receptor antagonists These are mostly effective against mast cell activated inflammatory reactions. In asthma, mast cells are involved in the early stages of the reaction, but their role is not great enough to...

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Antibiotics Prescribing Guidelines

Introduction These antibiotic guidelines are intended to give a basic overview of the types of antibiotic used to treat various kinds of infection. They should not be used as clinical guidelines. Resistance patterns and drug...

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Anticholinergics

Anticholinergics (aka antimuscarinic agents) are usually inhaled, but can be given IV in hospital. They are used in respiratory conditions as adjuncts to steroids and¬†ő≤2 receptors agonists. It is also worth remembering that many...

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Anticoagulant Therapy

Introduction Anticoagulation (“blood-thinning”) is a therapeutic mechanism used to reduce the risk of blood clots, or to treat already established blood clots for various indications, including; venous thromboembolism (for prevent and for treatment), atrial...

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Antiemetics

Introduction Antiemetics are widely used on a daily basis both in and out of hospital. Nausea is a common symptom that you will be expected to manage appropriately, in much the same way as...

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