Achilles Tendinopathy

Introduction The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. Tendinopathy and rupture can affect both athletes and those with sedentary lifestyles Achilles tendinopathy is usually an overuse condition, causing pain, swelling and...

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Achilles Tendon Rupture

Introduction The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. Tendinopathy and rupture can affect both athletes and those with sedentary lifestyles Acute injury (i.e. rupture) to the Achilles tendon usually occurs from...

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament rupture (ACL)

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are common sporting injuries. If untreated, they can result in chronic knee instability, and resultant degenerative changes – such as arthritis, and chondral damage. Early diagnosis and treatment...

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Arthritis Definitions

Definitions Arthropathy – means disease of a joint.  Sometimes used synonymously with arthritis, but generally used when referring to joint pathology, and used for specific conditions: Reactive arthropathy – infection in another part of...

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Calcium, Vitamin D and bone density

Calcium 99% in bone, 1% in blood Obtained through diet (mainly dairy products), absorption controlled by vitamin D.   Calcium Regulation Controlled by Parathyroid hormone, secreted from the parathyroid gland. An increase in PTH,...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist, as it passes through the ‘carpal...

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Charcot’s Joint

Introduction Charcot’s Joint (aka Charcot’s osteoarthropathy or Charcot’s neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy. It results in swelling,...

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