Abdominal Examination

Summary of Abdominal Examination Introduce yourself, check right patient (name DOB, wrist-band) explain that you are going to perform an abdominal examination and what this will involve, and ask the patient’s permission Get patient...

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Acute Limb Ischaemia

Acute limb ischaemia occurs when there is blockage of a peripheral artery, either from a thromboembolism, or sometimes from an embolic plaque. It frequently occurs on a background of peripheral vascular disease. As the...

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Aneurysm and AAA

Definitions An aneurysm is an artery that has a localised dilation, with a permanent diameter of >1.5x that expected of the particular artery. True Aneurysm – the wall of the artery forms the wall...

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Appendicitis

Appendicitis is the most common indication for abdominal surgery in children. Appendicitis is acute inflammation of the appendix   Epidemiology About 5% of the population will have appendicitis at some point Most commonly occurs...

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Breast Cancer

Introduction Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and the second most common cause of death from cancer, after lung cancer. There are more published studies (on PubMed) on breast cancer, than...

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Breast Examination

Background Info Presentations of Breast Disease Lump Pain – Rare in breast cancer Asymmetry – Change in breast size – particularly related to the menstrual cycle Change in breast feature Change in Nipple May...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist, as it passes through the ‘carpal...

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