African Sleeping Sickness

Organism African Sleeping Sickness is one of two diseases cause by Trypanosome parasites Transmission Tsetse fly (bite during the day) Epidemiology African Sleeping Sickness is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (west coast of Africa) Trypanosome...

More

Amoebiasis

Organism Protozoan- entamoeba histolytica Incubation; days-years Transmission Faecal oral (usually contaminated water): infection by ingestion of 4-nucleated cysts.   Epidemiology Humans are the only reservoir 10% world population are infected (rare in temperate climates)...

More

Antibiotics Prescribing Guidelines

Introduction These antibiotic guidelines are intended to give a basic overview of the types of antibiotic used to treat various kinds of infection. They should not be used as clinical guidelines. Resistance patterns and drug...

More

Bacterial Treatments at a glance

Please note that microbial sensitivities vary between regions & countries, as well as over time. Individual hospital guidelines very widely, and this is just an overview of general sensitivies. Please check your local hospital...

More

Brucellosis

Organism Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus 3 species responsible for human infection: B. Abortus (disease of cattle) – Africa and india B. melitensis (disease of sheep, goats and camels) – Mediterranean middle east and central...

More

Causes of Splenomegaly

“CHICAGO” C – Cancer H – Haematological malignancies – anaemia, leukaemia, lymphoma, I – Infection (CMV, HEP, HIV, TB, parasitic (malaria)). EBV is the most common community acquired Inflammation – sarcoid, amyloid C – Congestion; portal hypertension A – Autoimmune(RA, SLE)...

More

Cellulitis

Introduction Cellulitis is caused by bacterial infection of the dermis layer of the skin and the deeper subcutaneous tissues. Often the infection is due to a break or puncture to the skin which allows...

More

Chagas Disease

Organism One of two diseases cause by Trypanosome parasites Transmission Via the triotimine bugs (bite at night) – blood sucking reduvids –transmit when faeces come into contact with blood/mucosal surfaces. Epidemiology Caused by Trypanosome cruzi...

More